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Complications

Diabetes Complications

Heart disease and stroke

• In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older

• In 2004, stroke was noted on 16% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older

• Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes

• The risk for stroke is 2 to 4 times higher among people with diabetes

High blood pressure

• In 2003–2004, 75% of adults with self-reported diabetes had blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/80 mmHg, or used prescription medications for hypertension

Blindness

• Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years

• Diabetic retinopathy causes 12,000 to 24,000 new cases of blindness each year

Kidney disease

• Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of new cases in 2005

• In 2005, 46,739 people with diabetes began treatment for end-stage kidney disease in the United States and Puerto Rico

• In 2005, a total of 178,689 people with end-stage kidney disease due to diabetes were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant in the United States and Puerto Rico

Nervous system disease (Neuropathy)

• About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage

Amputation

• More than 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes

• In 2004, about 71,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in people with diabetes

Source: American Diabetes Association, available at www.diabetes.org